Justin Trudeau made cabinet cornerstone Chrystia Freeland his new foreign affairs minister and promoted a trio of up-and-coming MPs on Tuesday as part of an inner-circle shakeup aimed in part at preparing for a Donald Trump presidency.
Freeland, a former economics journalist with extensive contacts in the United States, leaves the trade portfolio to replace veteran Liberal MP Stephane Dion, who announced Tuesday that he plans to leave active politics.
Ahmed Hussen, a Somali-born rookie MP first elected in 2015, is one of several new faces in cabinet that include Quebec MP Francois-Philippe Champagne, named international trade minister, and Karina Gould of Burlington, Ont., who takes Democratic Institutions from Maryam Monsef.
Patty Hajdu, a strong performer who shone as status of women minister, is taking over the labour portfolio from MaryAnn Mihychuk, who is being dumped from cabinet altogether.
Monsef — widely criticized for her handling of Trudeau’s promise to reform Canada’s voting system — is moving to replace Hajdu at Status of Women.
Hussen is taking over the immigration portfolio from John McCallum, who is also quitting politics in order to become ambassador to China.
The fact that there was no immediate indication of a similar posting for Dion made clear that the ex-foreign affairs minister and one-time federal Liberal leader has been left at loose ends by the changes.
“Over the last 21 years, I have devoted myself to my riding, to my fellow citizens, to Quebec, to all of Canada, to the role that we must play in the world, and to the Liberal Party of Canada,” Dion said in a statement.
“I have enjoyed political life, especially when I was able to make a difference to benefit my fellow citizens. I emerge full of energy … renewable! But politics is not the only way to serve one’s country. Fortunately!”
Dion’s tenure at Foreign Affairs has been a rocky one, marred by controversy over his approval of a $15-billion arms deal with Saudi Arabia. His prickly demeanour was also seen as ill-suited to dealing with the unpredictable Trump, who has demonstrated a tendency to easily take offence.
Tuesday’s announcement paid special tribute to Dion but would only say Trudeau looks forward to his “wisdom and his tireless service” in “the next chapter of Mr. Dion’s contributions to our country.”
Dion’s replacement, meanwhile, is a bona-fide cabinet superstar, credited with deftly navigating through some eleventh-hour obstacles that threatened last fall to scupper the Canada-European Union free trade agreement — potentially valuable experience for dealing with the incoming Trump administration.
Trump, whose inauguration takes place Jan. 20, has vowed to adopt an unapologetically protectionist, America-first policy on trade, including re-opening or even tearing up the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Trudeau also paid tribute to McCallum, calling his work in the immigration portfolio on behalf of Syrian refugees “an inspiration to Canadians and an example to the world.”
News of the shuffle leaked out Monday, just as the Prime Minister’s Office confirmed that Trudeau’s two top aides, Katie Telford and Gerald Butts, have been meeting with some of Trump’s senior advisers, building bridges to the incoming administration.
In his first cabinet of 30 ministers, Trudeau famously appointed an equal number of men and women “because it’s 2015.” That parity was upset last fall when Hunter Tootoo resigned from cabinet and the Liberal caucus in order to seek treatment for alcohol addiction following what he later admitted was an inappropriate relationship with a female staffer.
With the addition of Gould, Hussen and Champagne, Tuesday’s shuffle restores that gender balance.
This week’s shuffle may well be a prelude to another reset expected midway through Trudeau’s first mandate. Insiders expect a major realignment this summer, with a cabinet shuffle followed by a throne speech to kick off the second half of the mandate.
Trudeau’s cabinet following Tuesday’s shuffle:
Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Youth.
Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.
Lawrence MacAulay, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food.
Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs.
Scott Brison, President of the Treasury Board.
Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard.
Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development.
Bill Morneau, Minister of Finance.
Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.
Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement.
Chrystia Freeland, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Jane Philpott, Minister of Health.
Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development.
Marc Garneau, Minister of Transport.
Marie-Claude Bibeau, Minister of International Development and Minister responsible for La Francophonie.
Jim Carr, Minister of Natural Resources
Melanie Joly, Minister of Canadian Heritage
Diane Lebouthillier, Minister of National Revenue
Kent Hehr, Minister of Veterans Affairs, and Associate Minister of National Defence
Catherine McKenna, Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Harjit Sajjan, Minister of National Defence
Amarjeet Sohi, Minister of Infrastructure and Communities
Maryam Monsef, Minister of Status of Women
Carla Qualtrough, Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities
Kirsty Duncan, Minister of Science
Patricia Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce and Labour
Bardish Chagger, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Francois-Philippe Champagne, Minister of International Trade
Karina Gould, Minister of Democratic Institutions
Ahmed Hussen, Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship