LONDON, U.K. – Prince William and Kate Middleton are now the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, and watching them tie the royal knot were a million fans – and protesters – who packed the streets of London, hoping to catch a glimpse of history.
In total, the wedding drew an estimated audience of two billion people across the globe, who tuned in to see the future king and queen of England, looking nervous but happy, say the words “I will” before Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams.
Kate, in lacy dress with her face covered by a thin veil, with an elegant tiara on her head, walked down the aisle at Westminster Abbey at 10 a.m. local time for her marriage to Prince William accompanied by her father.
Onlookers flooded into the areas surrounding Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and other London landmarks. Crowds were up at dawn waving flags for television cameras under steely grey skies and cool temperatures. Cheers erupted as huge television screens began broadcasting at Trafalgar Square and Hyde Park.
“Will, it’s not too late!” said one sign held aloft by an admirer dressed as a bride.
Middleton’s ivory wedding gown with lace applique was designed by Sarah Burton at Alexander McQueen, while her hair was half-up, half-down and decorated with a tiara. William wore the scarlet tunic of an Irish Guards officer, sending a strong signal of support for the armed forces and reinforcing his new image as a dedicated military man.
Against all odds, the sun came out as Middleton emerged from the Rolls-Royce in her wedding gown.
William and Kate received their first royal wedding present from the queen on Friday: the titles duke and duchess of Cambridge.
Maid of honour Pippa Middleton wore a simple column dress and naturally styled hair, while best man Prince Harry was dressed in formal military attire. The flower girls, in cream dresses with full skirts and flowers in their hair, walked down hand-in-hand with Pippa.
The iconic abbey was airy and calm, the long aisle leading to the altar lined with maple and hornbeam trees as light streamed in through the high arched windows.
Plumage of Amazonian variety filled the cavernous abbey as some 1,900 guests filed in, the vast majority of women in hats, some a full two feet (.6 metres) across or high. Some looked like dinner plates. One woman wore a bright red fascinator that resembled a flame licking her cheek. A BBC commentator noted there were some “very odd choices” in fashion walking through the abbey door.
Most men, however, looked elegant and suave in long tails, some highlighted by formal plaid pants and vests. Others wore military uniforms.
All the clamouring over every detail _ the wedding dress, her hair, their titles, the romantic kiss on the balcony, the honeymoon _ was finally being answered. But the biggest question won’t be resolved for years: Will this royal couple live happily ever after?
Will their union endure like that of William’s grandparents _ Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, now in its 64th year _ or crumble in a spectacular and mortifying fashion like that of his own parents, Prince Charles and Princess Diana?
Recent history augurs badly: The first marriages of three of the queen’s four children ended in divorce. But William and Kate seem to glow with happiness in each other’s company, and unlike Charles and Diana they’ve had eight years to figure out that they want to be together.
Still, the fate of their marriage depends on private matters impossible for the public to gauge, since any wedding is fundamentally about two people. Will their lives together, starting with such high hopes, be blessed by good fortune, children, good health, productive work?
Much will depend on whether 28-year-old William and 29-year-old Kate can summon the things every couple needs: patience, love, wit and wisdom. But they face the twin burdens of fame and scrutiny. Money, power, beauty _ it can all go wrong if not carefully nurtured.
These are the thorny issues upon which the fate of the monarchy rests, as the remarkable queen, now 85, inevitably ages and declines.
After the church ceremony, the royal-couple will travel from the abbey to Buckingham Palace in an open-topped carriage for two parties, one hosted by the queen for 650 guests, and an evening dinner dance for 300 close friends.
Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip have promised to go away for the evening, leaving the younger royals free to party the night away_ and Harry to make his best man’s speech away from his octogenarian grandparents’ ears.
Hundreds of street parties were underway as Britons celebrated part of the heritage that makes them unique _ and overseas visitors come to witness traditions they’ve admired from afar.
Brenda Hunt-Stevenson, a 56-year-old retired teacher from Newfoundland, Canada, said there was only one thing on her mind. “I want to see that kiss on that balcony. That’s going to clinch it for me. I don’t care what Kate wears. She is beautiful anyway.”
The celebration was British to the core, from the freshly polished horse-drawn carriages to the sausages and lager served at street parties. Some pubs were opening early, offering beer and English breakfasts _ sausages, beans, toast, fried eggs and bacon.
A number of famous people were left off the guest list, including President Barack Obama and Britain’s last two prime ministers, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, in a snub to their Labour Party, which is not as strong a backer of the monarchy as the ruling Conservatives. The invitation for Syria’s ambassador was rescinded because of Britain’s unhappiness with the bloody government crackdown there.
The public festivities reflected Britons’ continuing fascination with the royal family, which despite its foibles remains a powerful symbol of unity and pride.
“It’s very exciting,” Prime Minister David Cameron said before he entered the church. “I went on to the mall last night and met some people sleeping on the streets. There’s a sense of excitement that you can’t really put a word to … It’s a chance to celebrate.”
The royals fervently hope that a joyous union for the second-in-line to the British throne will rub out the squalid memories of his parents embarrassing each other and the nation with confessions of adultery as their marriage slid toward divorce.
And there is no small irony in the sight of Americans waking up before dawn (on the East Coast) or staying up all night (West Coast) after their fellow countrymen fought so fiercely centuries ago to throw off the yoke of the British monarchy and proclaim a country in which all men are created equal.
Brenda Mordic, 61, from Columbus, Georgia, clutched a Union Jack with her friend Annette Adams, 66.
“We came for the excitement of everything,” Mordic said. “We watched William grow up. I came for Prince Charles’ wedding to Diana and I came for Princess Diana’s funeral. We love royalty England and London.”
- Read the live chat: Reporter Carl Hanstke is in London and covered the wedding in a live blog
- Watch the ceremony live
The royal couple is now known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, thus avoiding giving the newest member of the royal family any title that would implicitly compare her to Diana, Princess of Wales.
Read the conversation
Reporter Carl Hanstke is in London and covered the wedding in a live blog. Read it below:
To watch the ceremony live and full coverage of the event, visit the Royal Wedding site
The meticulously choreographed, carefully rehearsed event that was attended by kings and queens, politicians and priests, and celebrities ranging from Elton John to David Beckham.
About 5,000 police officers were on the streets, including 110 on horseback and 35 with sniffer dogs — but the world’s media have deployed even more resources, with at least 8,000 staff working in London for the event.
After the ceremony the newlyweds were taken by carriage from the Abbey to Buckingham Palace, cheered on by thousands of wellwishers. Later the couple kissed on the balcony of the palace in front of the crowds while Royal Air Force jets fly overhead to mark the celebrations.
The official 28-page programme has been made available for the public to download for free.
The programme features the full Order of Service, a message of thanks from the Prince and Kate, an updated Coat of Arms, along with a stunning new black-and-white engagement photo of the couple, taken by photographer Mario Testino – whose work has been featured in magazines like Vogue and Vanity Fair.
The Order of Service has full details about the processions, prayers, readings and music, which includes the traditional English folk song “Greensleeves.”
Kate Middleton requested some modern music be played at the ceremony, as well, with a short ceremonial tune titled, “Valiant and Brave,” after the motto of William’s RAF Search and Rescue No 22 Squadron.
The bride promised to love and honour her new husband, but scrapped the outdated “obey” from her vows.
Sales of the programme will benefit The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry.